Kyiv (Kiev) Tours
The city of Kiev is situated in the central part of the Ukraine on both banks of the river Dnieper. Archeologists contend that Kiev was founded in the fifth century. The first documentary mention of Kiev is found in sixth- and seventh-century chronicles. The advantageous geographical and strategic position of Kiev on the high hills overlooking the Dnieper across which the famous road "from the Variangians (Scandinavia) to the Greeks(Bizantin)" passed greatly contributed to the city becoming the capital of Kievan Rus in the ninth century. In the next three centuries Kiev became a focal point attracting to it the East Slavic tribes, and played an important part in developing ancient Eastern Slavic culture, in creating a written Old Slav language, literature, art, and architecture. The sacking of Kiev by the Mongol-Tatars under Batu Khan in 1240 caused the town to fall into decline, and for a long time it disappeared from the historical scene. Later Eastern and Central Ukraine became a part of Moscow state in 1654. Kiev's political and economic importance began to increase. In the nineteenth century it was one of the largest towns in Russian Empire, a trading, financial and administrative centre, but its industry remained poorly developed. In the 1820s Kiev was one of the centres from which the Decembrists, revolutionaries from noble families, waged their struggle against the tsar's power.
One of the main pearls that attracts thousands of tourists to the capital of Ukraine is the Kiev-Pechersk Lavra. The sanctuary has almost a thousand years of history. Here the Orthodoxy of Kievan Rus was born. God protects the caves of the Kiev-Pechersk Lavra, its religious buildings, having swept through many wars, conflicts, floods, catastrophes, rebellions and fires; these places are sacred to everyone whose soul fills love for the Lord. Under the Kyiv-Pechersk Lavra there is a huge amount of underground passageways and caves that never served the purpose of the conspirators or rebels, but only served as an asylum for those who, leaving a gloomy vanity, sought God.
Saint Sophia's Cathedral
Till nowadays the historians can not agree with the date of the foundation of this cathedral. Some of them believe that the first stone of the Church of St. Sophia was founded in 1037. The main source of the information for them is the Story of the Passing years (the Primary chronicles). However, the other chronicles indicate that the construction was started 20 years before this date, in 1017. Written sources of the history of the XI century inform that Yaroslav the Wise only continued the work of his father, Volodymyr the Great. Such information puts into the question not only the year of the foundation 1017 or 1037, but also the identity of the person, who made an order for the construction of the main shrine of the country. In fact, in the official historical circles it is assumed that it was Yaroslav who founded the temple.
Fortification constructions played a significant role in the life of cities in the early Middle Ages. The constant division of land, the attacks of enemies and the threat of destruction forced the rulers to protect their cities with ramparts, walls and moats.
St. Andrew's Church
The Apostle Andrew the First Called pointed to the place where the church is today, saying that it is blessed by God and that once there will be a city with many churches. ("The Primary Chronicle" or "The Tale of Bygones Years" by the author Nestor the Chronicler).
The Mother Motherland Monument. National Museum of the History of Ukraine in the Second World War
The monument to motherland is one of the main symbols of the capital of Ukraine. It is a symbol of the invincibility of the people, who defeated Nazi invaders by a cost of millions of lives. Motherland of Kiev can withstand a powerful earthquake and a hurricane as a great nation stands before the heaviest trials and will remain undisturbed.
St. Michael Golden-Domed Monastery
Originally built in 1108-1113 the by Svyatopolk Izyaslavovych, a grandson of the Great Duck Yaroslav the Wise. The monastery comprises the Cathedral itself, the Refectory of St. John the Divine, built in 1713, the Economic Gates, constructed in 1760 and the monastery's bell tower, which was added c. 1716-1719. The exterior of the structure was rebuilt in the Ukrainian Baroque style in the 18th century while the interior remained in its original Byzantine style. The original cathedral was demolished by the Soviet authorities in the 1930s, but was reconstructed and opened in 1999 following Ukrainian independence in 1991.
Maidan Nezalezhnosti ( literally: Independence Square)
Kiev is not only the capital city of Ukraine, but an exciting and historic metropolis. Visitors can get the most from a trip to Kiev by taking guided tours.
There is only one edifice in Kyiv which can answer a classical description of a palace: «a very large, richly decorated house, especially one which is, or used to be, the home of a royalty or president» (Collins Dictionary) and which dates to the «time of wide proliferation of palaces», that is, to the 18th century. The palace is called Mariyinsky. It is situated in an old part of town, called Pechersk, on top of a hill overlooking the mighty Dnipro River, surrounded by parks.
St. Volodymyr's Cathedral
It is a cathedral church of the Ukrainian Orthodox Church of the Kyiv Patriarchy. It was built in the 19th century (1862-1882). On 20 August, 1896 the cathedral doors opened and the blessing ceremony was held. Russian Emperor Mykola II (Nicholas the Second) was present there. Several architects were commissioned to make the designs and supervise the construction (among them the prominent architect, Academician Beretti). The architectural style is defined as "pseudo-Byzantine-Russian". A group of painters - Ukrainian (Zamyraylo, Sergiy Kostenko, Mykola Pymonenko), Russian (Victor Vasnetsov, Michael Nesterov), Polish (Pavlo Swedomsky and brothers Olexandr and Wilhelm Kotarbinsky) - decorated the interior of the cathedral with murals. In the early 20th century Mykhaylo (Michael) Vrubel, a painter of great distinction, painted four icons for the iconostasis of the church and several frescoes, the best known of which is a big mural, The Descent of the Holy Spirit upon the Apostles. read more...
Building of the National Bank of Ukraine
The building of the National Bank of Ukraine is an architectural pearl of Kiev and the perfect example of the achievements of science and technology in the construction in the beginning of the twentieth century. The construction of the National Bank, built by the demand of time, is the embodiment of experiments with different historical epochs of the chief architect Alexander Kobelev. The architect, with amazing design, combines the northern Italian Gothic and the early Florentine Renaissance. The artistic design of the bank is the merit of the Italian master Elio Sala, the author of the famous fantastic creatures on the House with chimeras. Outside the National Bank building is romantic, and inside it is an exact mechanism designed for the effective work of the country's main bank. The rooms are spacious and comfortable, the constructions are durable, ventilation and the fire protection systems - safe and technologically innovative. Architectural sophistication and technical perfection of the building emphasizes the special role of the central bank, designed to manage the financial system of the state. read more...
House with Chimaeras
“I’ve not seen anything like this in Paris!”
St. Nicholas Roman Catholic Cathedral
It was constructed from 1899–1909 and was built by the Latin Rite Catholic community in a Gothic type construction, by Kyiv architects Vladislav Horodetskyi and Emilio Sala. It stands at vulytsia Velyka Vasylkivska (Greater Vasylkiv street) in Pechersk District closer to the National Sports Complex Olimpiysky and the Railroad station.
Askold’s grave is located on the right bank of Dnieper, near to Lipki. The ancient legend says, that in 882 year Novgorod prince Oleg enticed Askold and Dir, who were reigning in Kiev, to this place and killed them for the reason of "an ignoble origin", as they were not Rurik. After that Oleg ascended Kiev throne and promised to make Kiev the mother of Russian cities. It is known, that Askold was called to the throne by Kievers, was baptized in Tsargrad (Constantinople) in 860th, other annals say that probably Dir and Askold took the power over Kiev by force. According to the legend, Askold was buried at the place, where he was killed, and since then this area was called Askold’s grave. Prince Oleg justified himself in descendant’s opinion. He united the separate princedoms into the East Slavic state with the capital in Kiev. He defeated Great Byzantian Tsargrad and placed his shield on its gate. This moment was described by A. S. Pushkin in "Song about Oleg".
Pirogovo (Pyrohiv) Open-Air Museum of Architecture and Mode of Life
The Museum of Folk Architecture and Mode Life Pirogovo, that is located near Kiev, allows you to make a journey in time and see by yourself what view the different parts of Ukraine had a few centuries ago. Just during one day, you can walk the trails of all regions and to get the knowledge about the life of our ancestors, without leaving the national museum of Pirogovo (Pyrohiv).
Holodomor Victims Memorial
The Holodomor (derived from морити голодом, "to kill by starvation") was a man-made faminein Soviet Ukraine in 1932 and 1933 that killed millions of Ukrainians. It is also known as the Terror-Famine and Famine-Genocide in Ukraine, and sometimes referred to as the Great Famine or The Ukrainian Genocide of 1932–33. It was part of the wider Soviet famine of 1932-33, which affected the major grain-producing areas of the country. During the Holodomor, millions of inhabitants of Ukraine, the majority of whom were ethnic Ukrainians, died of starvation in a peacetime catastrophe unprecedented in the history of Ukraine. Since 2006, the Holodomor has been recognized by Ukraine by and 15 other countries as a genocide of the Ukrainian people carried out by the Soviet government.
Kiev & Ukraine Private Tour Guides
Uzvar (dried fruit compote)